Panauti Heritage City A to Z Travel Guide

Panauti is well preserved Newari town located in the Kavre district where two rivers Rosi and Punyamati come together. Legend has it that a third river Rudhrawati flows into Panauti, forming a Triveni (three rivers junction), resembling Lord Shiva’s Trident. Yet, this third river is said to be visible only to the devout and the wise. The confluence of these rivers is also revered as Uttar Prayag Tirtha and Sachi Tirtha in Nepal.

It has also been regarded as an important religious site surrounded by temples and hiking trails. This ancient typical Newari town is in the process of being classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. It is already been declared a “Protected Monument Zone” under the Ancient Monument Preservation Act of 1956.

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It is considered to be one of the most important medieval sites. It is approximately 32 km from Kathmandu. The town is rich with the Newari cultures and festivals. It is renowned for its religious sites, artistic temples, and stupas. There are many Buddhist and Hindu religious monuments.

Things to do:

  • Sightseeing
  • Hiking
  • Picnic
  • Paragliding
  • Swimming in Roshi waterfall
  • Participate in the rice-planting festival during the monsoon season

Historical Background

Panauti is a historical city in Nepal. It is one of the oldest towns in Nepal with a rich cultural heritage. Panauti is also known for its traditional Newari architecture, carved wooden buildings, and pagoda-style temples. It was an important center for trade in ancient times.

There has been ongoing discussion regarding the founding of Panauti. Some attribute its establishment to Ananda Malla (1274-1310 AD), while others point to a golden scripture dated 1385 found within the Indreshwar temple, crediting King Harisingh Dev with the town’s foundation.

In the 17th century, Panauti became a part of Bhaktapur under the Malla kingdom. The Malla kings built many temples in the area.

Panauti used to be a busy place for trading when people traveled along the old Salt Trade route. But things changed in the 1950s when the salt trade stopped. Then, in the 1960s, a new highway called the Arniko Highway was built bypassing this old historical town.

Architecture and Monuments

In this culturally rich city, adorned with temples, courtyards, and monuments, one can witness the true craftsmanship of the people from that era.

Pagoda Style Three storied Temple

  • Indreshwor Temple
  • Bhramhayani Temple
  • Krishna Temple

Pagoda Style Two storied Temple

  • Kathan Ganesh Temple
  • BishwoNath Temple
  • PashupatiNath Temple

Shikhar Style

  • Badrinath temple
  • Kedar nath temple
  • Ram Janaki temple
  • Dhaneshwor temple
  • Pashupatinath temple
  • Karunamaya temple
  • Tula Narayan temple

Indreshwar Mahadev Temple

The Indreshwar temple is one of the tallest, oldest multi-roofed pagoda-style temples in Nepal, built in 1294. It was originally built over a lingam. This temple is one of the main attractions of Panauti, in the heart of the city. The third river of Panauti originates from the Indreshwar temple, flowing towards the Brahmayani temple located opposite the Tri Beni Ghats. There are other temples such as Ahilya Mandir, Unmata Bhairav, and Krishna Mandir.

The southern support beams are decorated with detailed carvings that tell stories from the famous Hindu epic Mahabharata, while the carvings on the western side depict tales from another Hindu epic, Ramayana.

Unmata Bhairab temple

This temple has beautiful wooden carved doors and windows. Bhairab represents one of the diverse manifestations of the Hindu deity Mahadev, also known as Shiva. A picture of him when he’s calm is known as Unmata. Inside Unmata Bhairab temple there are shrines of Asta matrika. In 1982 this temple was restored with French aid.

Tula Narayan Temple

It is a temple located in the courtyard of Indreshwar Mahadev Temple. There is a stone idol of the Hindu God Vishnu known as Tula Narayan. An ancient inscription on a gold plate, dating back to 1400 AD, records King Jayasingh Ramvardhan’s remarkable act of offering gold, known as “Tuladan,” equivalent to his body weight.

Bihar

In Panauti there are bihars in Aghatol.

Festivals and Celebrations

There are several festivals celebrated in Panauti. Many festivals are celebrated throughout the year. One of the most famous festivals is the Panauti Jatra.

Panauti Jatra

Panauti Jatra takes place every year in Panauti. It is a chariot festival at the end of the monsoon. During this festival pulling of the chariot begins from the town’s old Durbar Square. Animals such as goats and ducks are sacrificed during this festival.

Makar Mela

Makar Mela is celebrated once a month in Magh every twelve years. Devotees across the nation and India come here to take a holy bath at the junction of the Punyamata and Roshi rivers. The fair commences with the sun’s entry into the Makar Rashi on Makar Sankranti day.

Climate

Panauti’s climate is neither too cold nor too hot.

Panauti community homestay

Panauti Community Homestay provides an opportunity to immerse oneself in the Newari culture of Panauti. Almost every homestay has Wi-Fi available. Most homestays have Western-style toilets, while a few of them have squat toilets. Travelers get both modern comforts and countryside sights.

Other Attractions:

There are many historical and natural places to visit in Panauti.

Panauti Museum

Panauti Museum is inside the Indreshwor Temple courtyard. A historical and cultural museum was established in 2011. There are stone arts, wooden arts, masks, etc. It was established by a local member of the community with the Co-ordination of Panauti Municipality.

Janti Dhunga Panauti

Janti Dhunga is located at Chamkharka, Panauti. It is a scenic hill station nestled in a serene village. There are stones in different shapes and sizes. The pristine surroundings of Janti Dhunga are ideal for nature enthusiasts, offering opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and photography.

Khopasi

Khopasi is one of the most beautiful places in Panauti.

Kushadevi

Kushadevi is another beautiful location and Kushadevi Temple, Bihabar River, Gurdhoom Dada, and Mane doban are the major attractions of this place.

Panauti Durbar Square

The king’s palace in Durbar Square a historical monument of Nepal, remains unexcavated. Numerous artifacts of the palace, including stone bricks, coins, taps, and water wells are present.

Nagi Danda

Nagi Dada, the tallest hill in Panauti is popular for the views of the majestic Himalayas, sunrise, and sunset. You can also enjoy panoramic views of Panauti, Banepa, Dhulikhel, and certain parts of Kathmandu. It is home to rural Tamang settlements.

Kalati Bhumi Danda

After walking along the River Roshi, you’ll arrive at Kalati Bhumi Dada. Bhaleshwor Mahadev temple on the way to Kalati Bhumi Dada. Forest, scenic views, etc are the major attractions of this place. It is also a Tamang village.

Roshi Jharana

Roshi Jharana is a beautiful waterfall in Kavre. There is a natural swimming pool.

Panauti hike

Panauti to Kalati Bhumi Dada

The Panauti hike is a wonderful adventure for people who love walking and exploring nature. As you walk along the River Roshi for about an hour from Panauti, you’ll come across a beautiful Tamang community village called Kalati Bhumi Dada. During your hike, you’ll also have the chance to visit Bhaleshwor Mahadev, a sacred site where you can make wishes. The entire hike is filled with scenic views, lush green forests, and natural water sources.

Panauti to Namobuddha

The Panauti Namobuddha hike offers an opportunity to visit a holy site and experience the charm of a traditional village. During the hike, travelers can see villages, temples, monasteries, forests, and the traditional ways of life of the Newar and Tamang communities. The endpoint of this one-day hike is the Namobuddha Monastery, also known as Thrangu Tashi Yangtse Monastery.

Panauti Picnic Spot

The Panauti picnic spot is a great place for a fun day out with family and friends. It offers a peaceful and scenic environment where you can relax and enjoy nature. With lush greenery and serene surroundings, it’s the perfect setting for a picnic.

Thumki Danda/Bhalthali Picnic Spot

There are picnic spots at Thumki Danda in Panauti. It is near by Panauti hydro station. From Thumki Danda one can get beautiful views of Panauti and the Panauti hydro station. Thumki danda is also known as Bhalthali.

Janti Dhunga Picnic Spot

It is the best place for a dry picnic. There is Roshi Jharana near this spot.

Gorakhnath Temple

There is a picnic spot near Gorakhnath Temple on the top of a hill.

Panauti paragliding

Phulchowki-Kushadevi region offers breathtaking views of the mountains and villages, forest. Paragliding takes off from Gurdum Danda and lands at Bancharetar in Kushadevi.

How to reach Panauti?

Panauti is situated approximately 32 kilometers southeast of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal.

Panauti bus park

Panauti Bus Park is located in the town of Panauti, which is in the Kavrepalanchok District of Nepal.

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