Mount Everest Base Camp Trekking detail information

Everest base camp is located inside the Sagarmatha National Park. It is at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 ft) above sea level. Sagarmatha National Park is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the home of 118 species of birds including rare birds like the Himalayan Monal and rare mammals like the Red panda, Musk deer, and Snow leopard.

Mount Everest Base Camp is one of the most popular destinations for travelers in the Himalayan regions. The superb trek to the Base Camp of Mount Everest is recommended as one of the important sites to be visited before one dies. The sunrise over Everest is beautiful and special as it is the sunrise view from the top of the world. You’ll also view fantastic views of Everest from Kala Pattar.

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The Everest base camp trekking trip leads you to your ultimate destination which is Everest. On this trekking trail, you will come across impressive mountain scenery, Sherpa culture, a mountaineering lifestyle, and a sense of freedom. It is also rich in culture in addition to mountaineering history. You can also find the spiritual center of Kumbhu Valley Tengboche Monastery, which is the world’s highest monastery.

The Journey begins normally from the Kathmandu flight to Everest base camp airport popular as Lukla airport. It might be a dream for many travelers or a life-changing experience for people around the globe. Trekking duration depends upon your interest.

Facts of Trip

Trip Start from: Kathmandu
Trip Ends at: Kathmandu
Trip Grade: Moderate/Hard
Per day walking/hiking: 4-6 hrs
Activities: Trekking, Hiking & Cultural plus religious Tour

Everest Base Camp Trekking Itinerary

Day 01: Kathmandu to Lukla (2840 m) and Phakding (2610 m): Fly to Lukla

After arrival at Kathmandu International Airport, you’ll be taken to your hotel and final preparation for trekking. Luka is located at 2840 m and after reaching there within 35 minutes your trekking starts from Lukla but the first day’s walk is a gentle descent to the village of Pakding 2610 m. It is just more than three hours away depending on your walking speed. After reaching the valley, cross the bridge and also be certain that there isn’t any yak coming from your opposite side-the right of way inside the region favors animals!

Day 02: Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3446 m):

Pakding to Namche Bazaar (3446 m), the fabled headquarters with the Sherpas. Namche was essentially the most important buying and selling submit among Tibet, mainland Nepal and India. With the decline in trade, having said that, the local economic system has depended on the climbing and trekking teams. Every Saturday, a weekly market turns this hamlet into an oriental movie set. The first component of the stroll up from Pakding is uncomplicated.

Day 03: Rest day at Namche Bazaar: Acclimatization.

Get relaxation at Namche Bazaar for your next adventure. One such stroll is leading from the ridge above the city to the national park headquarters. From close to this creation, a panorama awaits you: Kusum Kanguru, Thamserku and Kang Taiga on the best; Ama Dablam, the Lhotse-Nuptse wall with Everest showing its crest from behind, and Taboche to your left.

Day 04: Namche Bazaar to Tengboche (3867 m):

The path takes you past the Syangboche airfield to Khunde, another Sherpa Village. This landing strip at 12,200 ft/ 3,718 m is employed to fly out rather than to fly in because of the acclimatization challenge. The trail is through thick birch and fir forest where in spring, rhododendron will dazzle you. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal. Khunde and Khumjung are twin villages on the possible side of a stream with Khumbu’s sacred mountain, Khumbila, towering over.

Day 05: Tengboche to Dingboche (4252m):

Whilst heading from Khunde to Tangboche monastery, quit at the monastery at Khumjung to check out what exactly is ostensibly a yeti skull! When taken to The us for verification in 1960 by Hillary, the scalp was found to be made of antelope pores and skin. The route from Khumjung joins the key trail to Tangboche at Sanasa. It winds its strategy to Treshinga after which dips steeply towards the Phunki Tenga village (ten,660 ft / 3,250 m) where you cross more than for the other facet with the Dudh Kosi. Becoming the lowest level around the trek, it’s also the warmest. Swap backing up a tough climb, reach Tangboche, one of the most sacred monasteries in the location.

Day 06: Rest day at Dingboche: Acclimatization.

It is important to take another day to acclimatize to the rising altitude and it will help your body prepare for the high altitudes ahead.

Day 07 & 08 : Dingboche

A straightforward climb brings you to Dingboche. Just lounge around there, or get a walk. The next two days are tough. Climb up for the tea shops at Chukung, then towards the Chukung Ridge at 17,700 ft / 5,395 m, on a steep trail right after crossing the Imja Khola river. Makalu, Imjatse (also called Island Peak), and Baruntse peaks are for your east. In the north, you are just under the Nuptse-Lhotse wall. Using the cold night approaching, descend fast to Dingboche.

Day 09, 10 : Kala Pathar

On strategy to Lobuche, you are on the Khumbu glacier and get the first taste of walking on a lateral moraine. A retreating glacier leaves rocks and stones behind: walking can be taxing on your calves. Take your time and do it in six hours.

The ascent for the Kala Pathar or the Black Peak (18,200 ft / 5,547 m ) is your rendezvous with climbing history. From this ridge top in 1951, Shipton and Hillary got a glimpse of the route over the Khumbu icefall. From Lobuche, stroll about the moraine for two hours to reach Gorak Shep. From there, start your climb up the Kala Pathar. As you go up, Everest reveals itself a bit and farmed by Khumbuse and Nuptse, finally unmarks itself completely.

Day 11 : Dozonglha

Achieve the yak herders’ summer camp at Dozonglha. The camp is pitched beneath the north wall of Cholatse together with the magnificent Thamserku beckoning from the valley.

Day 12 : Departure

Back at Namche. Following two weeks of isolation, it looks like a metropolis. It is worth your even though soaking within the charms of Khumbu for one more day.

Culture

Sherpas practice Buddhism and along the way, there is the Tengboche Monastery, where you can spend a little time enjoying the atmosphere created by the ever chanting lamas. View their art and traditions up close. It is home to the Sherpa people, who are known for their hospitality as well as their mountaineering skills.

Nature and Wildlife

On the Everest Base Camp Trek experience the great natural beauty of Nepal – home to Himalayan Thar, musk deer and Nepal’s national bird, the brightly colored Danphe pheasant. The Khumbu region is also famous for its magnificent mountains and stunning scenery. The views of the 8000m Mount Everest, Lhotse and Cho Oyu, as well as the smaller peaks of Nuptse, Thamserku, Kangtega and Kwangde are some of the best in Nepal. Some say the most impressive of all is the beautiful Mount Ama Dablam.

Everest base camp climate:

Whether is not constant in Everest base camp, it always changes frequently in a day. You’ll experience a mix of weather along the way and snow can fall any time of year above 13,000 feet. Everest base camp’s average temperature is -17 degrees Celsius. The coldest during the year is mostly from mid-December to January. Although it is a cold place the temperature is not the same throughout the year. Warm clothes and a good sleeping bag are essential.

  • During the spring season from April to May, the daytime temperature is normally 15°C and night time temperature is -1°C. During this season visibility is much better as compared to other seasons and it is also the season of blossoms. You can enjoy different species of flowers.
  • Daytime temperature in the monsoon season is 22°C and nighttime temperature is 4°C from June to September. During this season you might also have to pass through muddy, slippery roads.
  • In Autumn Everest base camp temperature during the daytime is 17°C and the nighttime temperature is -8°C. From October to November the sky becomes clear after the monsoon rain.
  • The Winter season is from November to April and the temperature is as low as below 0 degrees Celsius, mainly snowy. The daytime temperature of EBC in winter is -5°C and nighttime is -15°C.

Everest base camp trek preparation

Physical and mental preparation is required before heading towards EBC. Different training such as altitude, cardiovascular training, trek and strength training is required.

Strength training helps in increasing physical stamina during harsh weather conditions. Physical exercises including aerobic will be helpful. Physical training outdoors and at the gym will help you in the journey. Trek training helps you to ascend and descend on the trail. Spend time walking on local mountains around you. Altitude training is very important for higher altitudes. Walking uphill with weights seems to be easy but it needs technique and training.

Trekkers may ignore mental preparation but it is very important. It helps you to overcome your fear. If your mind is relaxed then it will be easier for you to get to the final point.

Everest base camp trek difficulty?

Difficult roads often lead to beautiful destinations, Everest base camp trek difficulty for a physically fit person is moderate. Everest base camp trek is not as difficult as reaching up-to the top of Everest and requires no mountaineering skills. It is a feasible trek for most fit hill walkers. We can also take it as a long hike at altitude.

It is not as easy as walking on the streets of a busy city as you’ll find rocky and hilly areas but you’ll have guides and porters who will be there to make your journey easier. You can do it if you follow instructions given by your tour guide and many trekkers have completed the trek over the years.

Everest base camp age limit

There is no minimum age limit to complete the Everest base camp, it depends on your physical stamina. Anyone can anyone trek to Everest base camp if they are physically fit.

Everest base camp trek for beginners

Everest base camp trek is also suitable for beginners as it doesn’t require mountaineering experience, training and techniques but preparation for the higher altitudes is still essential.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Can you fly a drone at Everest base camp?

Yes, you can fly a drone at Everest base camp but drones will have a harder time flying. The air is very thin at higher altitude. Drone’s will not work normally as they would at lower altitudes. Their performance will also be affected by the wind.

Can I see Mount Everest top view from Everest base camp?

Mount Everest’s top view cannot be seen from the Everest Base Camp but other mountains such as Kala Patthar, Lobuche, Khumbutse, Pumori, Changtse and Lingtren can be seen from the Everest base camp.

Is Everest base camp dangerous?

Climbing Everest and trekking around base camp are two different things. Activities on the Everest base camp is much more easier than reaching to the summit. You won’t have to climb ladders over ice masses with oxygen in base camp. Everest base camp is not as dangerous as people might imagine. Though it is not dangerous but indulge some risk of Acute Mountain sickness (AMS). There are few stats of causalities also, if you don’t take precautions and not follow guidelines by your guide.

You’ll need to be concerned with altitude sickness but you’ll be fine if you consider a few things like taking rest, moving slowly, avoiding alcoholic beverages and drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. If you’re not aware of altitude sickness then it might cause headaches, nausea, dizziness, vomiting etc.

Is Everest base camp safe?

Yes, Everest base camp is safe and a professional licensed guide is highly recommended.

How much is a trip to Everest base camp?

EBC Trek cost from $400 to $1500 depending upon time on the trail, trekking route, accommodation etc.

Everest base camp without a guide

It is not a good idea to travel without a guide in unknown destinations and from 1st April 2023, Government of Nepal has made a guide compulsory for safety of tourists.

Is there a bar at Everest base camp?

Yes, there are bars in Namche Bazaar and Lukla.

Acclimatization Everest base camp

Acclimatization means giving your body sufficient time to adjust with the higher altitude. It helps your body to adjust it’s internal mechanism against with the changes that come in with the higher altitude.

Everest base camp hotel

For accommodation in base camp there different tea houses and hotels from cheap to luxurious. You can find basic lodge accommodation, luxury lodge accommodation, tea house accommodation and camping accommodation. You can sleep in your own tent and dine in the teahouses. It will be easy for you to stay in a lodge or teahouse as you won’t need to bring as much camping equipment along.

Everest base camp flight

When flying to Lukla airport from Tribhuwan international airport, Kathmandu there is a weight restriction. There is 30 pounds per person for checked baggage and please check with your airline for confirmation.

Everest base camp permit

To explore inside Sagarmatha National Park and Khumbu Valley you’ll need a permit. If you fly to Lukla and start the Everest Base Camp Trek then there are two major permits. Khumbu Pasang Rural Municipality permit and Sagarmatha National Park permit are a must for foreign nationals. You’ll also need a permit for Gaurishankar Conservation area if your route is Jiri to Everest Base Camp. You’ll need to fill up forms for identification purposes and identity documents, copy of passport, passport size photos are required.

Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality permit

If you fly direct to Lukla, the trek permit is issued at Lukla but if you hike via Jiri/Salleri then you can get it at Monjo. This permit is issued only at Lukla and Monjo, you can’t get this permit in Kathmandu. The fees of this permit is Nepali rupees (Nrs.) 2000 (approximately USD 20).

Sagarmatha National Conservation Area permit

Sagarmatha National Conservation Area is a UNESCO world heritage site. Sagarmatha National Conservation Area permit can be taken in Kathmandu or at Monjo.

Permit Cost for Nepali citizens- Nrs. 100 per person
Permit Cost for SAARC Nationals – Nrs. 1500 per person (approximately USD 15)
Permit Cost for Foreigners – Nrs. 3000 per person (approximately USD 30)

Gaurishankar Conservation Area permit

Apart from the above two permits, you may also require this additional permit if you are planning on taking the classic Everest Base Camp trek route via Jiri/Salleri. After about eight hours drive from Kathmandu hike begins from Jiri. The permit price for Gaurishankar Conservation Area is Nrs. 3000 per person (approximately USD 30) and issued by Nepal Tourism Board, Kathmandu.

Are there showers at Everest base camp?

There are showers at Everest base camp but you’ll need to pay USD 4 to USD 7 depending upon the facility at lodges and elevation. Your travel agency may have include the price of hot shower in the package. You can check their cost includes in their website and for laundry services you can find it in Namche Bazaar.

Are there toilets at Everest base camp?

You can find toilets in a teahouse or in a village. At some places you may find squat toilets.

Supplemental oxygen for Everest base camp?

No, you don’t need it. Everest Base camp. Oxygen level at mount Everest base camp (5364 m) is 50%. Oxygen is usually for when you trying summit Mt Everest. Your guide should have oxygen with them in case of an emergency.

Everest base camp trek packing list

Requirements for ebc packing list are as follows:

Travel Documents

  • Airline tickets
  • Travel insurance policy documents
  • Valid passport
  • Copies of passport
  • Passport size photos

Travel Equipment

  • Bags
  • Luggage locks
  • Sleeping bag
  • Trekking Poles
  • Sunglasses
  • Glacier sunglasses
  • LED headlamp with extra batteries
  • Lightweight waterproof rain jacket and pants

Travel clothing

  • Hat
  • Socks
  • Beanie
  • Gaiters
  • Underwear
  • Neck Gaiter
  • Down jacket
  • T-shirt, pants
  • Waterproof Jacket and Trousers
  • Wicking, quick-dry boxers or briefs
  • Gloves (waterproof gloves, liner gloves, fleece gloves or wool gloves)

Shoes for Everest base camp

  • Casual shoes
  • Waterproof hiking boots
  • Camp shoes (down booties or running shoes)

Personal Items

  • Toiletries
  • Pee Funnel
  • Water bottles
  • Insect repellent
  • Watch with alarm
  • Hand and toe warmers
  • Razor, shaving cream
  • Camping pillow, towel
  • Pocket knife or multi-tool
  • Pen, book, small binoculars
  • Cell phone waterproof case, charging cable
  • Camera, extra battery, charger, spare memory card, ear plugs, portable power device

Medications

  • Hand sanitizer
  • Water Purification Tablets
  • Pain reliever, fever reducer, antibiotic ointment, allergy treatment, medications for traveler’s diarrhea, altitude sickness
  • Personal first-aid kit

Everest base camp packing list female

  • Skin lotion
  • Women’s hygiene items
  • Sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher)
  • Lip balm (SPF 30 or higher)
  • Soap, shampoo and conditioner
  • Wicking, quick-dry sports bra

Food

Before booking you can check with your travel agency to see what food is provided. You can also buy energy bars and snacks in Lukla. There will be lesser shops and selection will be limited and expensive as you move on to the higher altitudes.

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