Magars are one of the oldest known tribes in Nepal and during the period of Medieval from Gorkha to Palpa was called the Magarat. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, 7.1% of the population of Nepal was identified as Magar which is a total 1,887,733 people. In former days, any Thapa who had lost three generations of ancestors in battle became a Rana, but with the prefix of his Thapa clan. Thus, a Reshmi Thapa would become a Reshmi Rana. The frequency of Magar people was higher than the national average in the following districts: Palpa (52.3%), Rolpa (43.2%), Myagdi (39.5%), Pyuthan (32.6%), Baglung (28.0%), Tanahun (26.9%), Rukum (23.8%), Syangja (21.5%), Gulmi (20.7%), Surkhet (18.9%), Arghakhanchi (18.0%), Nawalparasi (17.5%), Salyan (15.1%), Sindhuli (14.9%), Udayapur (13.9%), Dang (13.6%), Dolpa (12.5%), Gorkha (11.6%), Okhaldhunga (11.2%), Ramechhap (11.1%), Parbat (11.0%), Rupandehi (10.7%), Dhankuta (9.7%), Dailekh (9.2%), Jajarkot (9.0%), Kaski (8.6%), Dhading (8.5%) and Mustang (8.3%).
Magar caste list – Ale, Bura/Burathoki, Gharti, Pun, Rana, Thapa and they have the same customs which are subdivided into many sub-clans.
Ale Magars: Arghali, Hiski, Hungchen, Limel, Pade, Rakhal, Suyal, Sirpali.
Burathoki Magars: Barakoti, Gamal, Jugjali, Pahari, Thami, Ulange.
Gharti Magars: Dagami, Galami, Kalikotey, Masrangi, Pahari or Panre, Phagami, Rangu, Rawal, Rijal, Sawangi, Sene, Surai, Sinjapati, Talaji, Tirukia, Wale.
Pun Magars: Balali, Birkali, Baijali, Burduja, Garbuja, Namjali, Phungali, Purja, Sain, Sanangi, Sothi, Tajali.
Rana Magars: Aachhami, Aslami, Bangling, Chumi, Chitorey/Chitaurey, Darlami, Gyangmi/Gyami, Kharka/Khadka, Kyapchaki, Lamchanney, Lungeli, Makkim, Maski, Palli, Pulami, Rilami, Ruchal, Shrees, Surjabansi/Suryabangsi.
Thapa Magars: To name a few— Āthaghare, Bagale, Bakabal, Bakheti, Bāhraghare/Baraghare, Birkatta, Kala, Khapangi, Palunge, Puwar/Punwar, Sunari, Sāthighare, Sinjali/Singjali.
Gaha Thapa consists of Bucha, Chidi, Gora, khan or khangaha/khanga
Reshmi Thapa consists of Dangal
Saru Thapa consists of Jhapurluk, Jhendi/Jhedi, Kala. Besides these, Gurbachan, Purbachhaney, Phounja, Pachabhaiya, Khamcha, Khandaluk, Ghale, Baral, Somai, Pithakote, Jhakote, Rakaskoti/Raskoti, Uchai, Samal, Ramjali.